Urination is a way to remove waste and excess water from the body.
Urine is produced when blood is filtered by the kidneys. This waste and excess water then flows through the ureters, or tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder, and is stored in the bladder until it is time to leave the bladder.
Most urine is 95% water and the rest is made up of thousands of compounds your body doesn’t need. Under normal conditions, urine is usually odorless and pale yellow in color.
However, any change could be a sign of your health or something is wrong, so be careful.
The main symptoms to pay attention to are the color and smell of urine, the presence of blood in the urine, the frequency of self-relief, pain, discomfort, and unusual sensations when urinating. standing in the bathroom to pee.
What can the color of urine indicate?
“Normal” urine is usually odorless and pale yellow in color. But this can change depending on the foods you eat or the medications you take. Such changes are usually temporary. For example, beetroot can turn urine brown or reddish, while petai (fortunately short-lived) has a pungent smell.
People who take antacids notice that their urine turns blue, while some supplements can make their urine look bright yellow, almost neon. But if you can’t explain the discoloration as temporary and harmless, talk to your doctor about the following possible conditions based on the color you’re seeing:
White urine is often a sign of dehydration. Over-hydration can harm your body, so drink more water.
Orange colored urine. If you notice that your urine is a deeper yellow or even orange, it could be a sign of dehydration from not drinking enough water. In severe cases, this may indicate an underlying liver disease.
Dark urine. Dark urine indicates dehydration. If you’re drinking enough water but notice that your urine is dark when you urinate, it could be a sign that your body is accumulating waste and toxins, so you should see your doctor right away.
Dark brown urine. If your urine is dark brown in color, it may indicate increased bile secretion due to kidney or liver disease.
Red/bloody urine. Blood in the urine may be due to overexertion or recent kidney damage. However, it may indicate a medical condition that requires immediate attention. It can be a urinary tract infection, especially redness of the urine and bloody urine accompanied by burning pain when urinating. Kidney infections, kidney disease, enlarged prostate, bladder cancer, and sickle cell anemia are more serious conditions that can cause blood in the urine.
What can cloudy or foamy urine indicate?
In addition to the color of the urine, you should pay attention to the transparency of the urine. Cloudy or foamy urine in particular may indicate other underlying conditions that can be easily screened and diagnosed by a urologist through urinalysis.
blockage. If the cloudiness of the urine is accompanied by the urge to urinate, but there is a noticeable relief during urination and no flow, this may be a sign of obstruction. It can be caused by many conditions such as prostate enlargement, kidney stones, urinary tract obstruction, blood clots, and bladder cancer.
Kidney disease. If your urine is foamy, you have too much protein in your urine. It can be caused by a number of conditions that are the first signs of diabetic kidney disease. If it is accompanied by swelling and itching of the face and limbs, such as ankles, feet, muscles, tendons, etc., it can be a specific form of glomerulonephritis.
Lupus. Cloudy urine can be a symptom of lupus, an autoimmune disease that mostly affects women. Although there is no cure for lupus, it can be effectively treated with medication if diagnosed early.
Frequency of urination
Frequency of urination
Whether it is too frequent or not enough, the frequency of the need to urinate provides information about the underlying condition of the disease.
If you have been using the toilet a lot lately, you should consult a urologist to rule out the following.
Urinary tract infection
re) water every day, especially if active on a hot, hot day.
However, if you continue to have problems with increased fluid intake, talk to your doctor. This can be a sign of blockage or obstruction as mentioned above.
What if you suspect something is wrong?
If your urine type or pattern suddenly changes and doesn’t return to normal within a day or two, you should see a urologist to help you manage your urinary tract problems. urinary tract.
Screening options to determine the cause of these symptoms can range from simple urine and blood tests to detailed tests for kidney function and prostate-specific antigen. The results will allow the urologist to make an accurate diagnosis and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.
Screening is not necessary only when something feels wrong. Here, regular physical activity can help your doctor detect potential complications early and take proactive steps to prevent complications.