Many women suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS, without realizing it. Often, candidates with PCOS experience irregular periods, facial hair growth, and acne, especially on the chin, lips, and sides.
This is usually the result of a hormonal imbalance that causes cysts to form on the ovaries.
Although these cysts are not dangerous, they can lead to hormonal imbalances that can lead to infrequent or prolonged periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity.
It is also important to diagnose PCOS early to prevent long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
What causes PCOS?
- Excess insulin: Excess insulin can increase the production of androgens (male hormones) and affect ovarian function, thereby interfering with proper ovulation.
Less inflammation: Women with PCOS also have less inflammation, which causes polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.
- Heredity: PCOS is hereditary, so if your mother or sister had it, you are more likely to have it too.
Symptoms of PCOS appear soon after the onset of menstruation, but PCOS can develop later in the reproductive years. There are many signs to watch out for; However, people can be affected in different ways, and symptoms may worsen with obesity.
- Irregular menstruation
This is one of the most common symptoms of PCOS. Some examples include cycles of 35 days or more, fewer than 8 periods per year, long or heavy periods, and periods lasting four months or more.
- Excess facial and body hair
You may develop hair on your chin, chest, back, abdomen, and even your toes.
- Bad mood
You may feel depressed or out of character.
PCOS can cause acne or very oily skin. Acne can be very deep and painful.
- Problems with insulin levels
Excess insulin prevents the ovaries from ovulating properly.
Treatment for PCOS varies from person to person. Your doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, to help you lose weight.
For some people, a doctor may prescribe birth control pills to help regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce androgen production.
However, every patient is different, so if you recognize any of the symptoms, you should talk to your doctor to get a diagnosis and learn how to treat PCOS and symptoms.